Lecture Work

19/02/18 - Introduction

 

Areas we will cover

-Video installation 

-Documentary - different styles

-16mm production

-Music videos

-Commercials 

 

Mondays

9 - 12 - Lecture

1:30 - 4:30 - Production

 

Tuesdays

1:30 - 4:30 - Screening at the arts centre

5 - 7 - critique 

 

Deadline: 21st May

 

Content and Form

 

6 major arts 

-Sculpture 

-Literature - Storytelling

-Music

-Painting

-Theatre - Dance

-Architecture

 

Form - Elements (Visual)

-Light

-Form

-Line

-Colour

-Space

 

Sculpture - Form, space, light

Painting - Line, colour

Theatre - Space

Architecture - Space, light 

 

Time

Film is a time based media. All of the elements and arts are seen in film. 

 

Hans Richter  - Rhythmus 21

-Space, colour, time

Its abstract 

 

Ballet Mécanique - Fernand Leger - 1924

-Fast editing, quick cuts

-Music hurts ears

Telling a story through actions and objects instead of dialogue. Cubist 

Its taking a image and fragmenting it. Reducing everything into the form

elements.

Repetition. Can use images over and over again which you can’t do

in painting.

It overloads the senses. Intense. Hard to look at sometimes.

 

A fistful of dollars - Clint Eastwood 

-Color, light, space

Composition of shot

Vast space - looks like it goes on forever. Endless mountains.

High key lighting. 

Foreground, middle ground and background.

 

Class Task

 

Make a film with all the elements considered.

 

Have to use a tripod. No handheld. No sound. Under 3 minutes.

Visually get across the elements.

Shots from the film
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26/02/18 - Telling the Truth

 

Documentary: A factual report. Film, TV, Radio 

 

Who’s telling the fact? Who’s truth?

 

The Lumiere brothers - Leaving the Factory 1895

16 frames per second 

 

Nanook of the North

First feature length documentary 

 

When does fiction and documentary cross over?

 

Man with a movie camera - Dziga Vertov - 1929

 

Night Mail - 1936

 

John Grierson - Review of Nanook of the North 1926

He coined the term ‘Documentary’

 

“I look on cinema as a pulpit, and use it as a propagandist” - John Grierson

 

Synchronised sound - This reinvented documentaries. New era.

 

Direct Cinema

Observations, free, fly on the wall. Capture the subject without too much construction. Spontaneity. Unrehearsed situations. 

 

Primary - 1960

JFK rallies the crowd

-Camera can now move freely around

-Observe the story, rather than tell

Considered the first direct cinema film

 

Cinema Verite 

Knowing the camera is there. interviewer and interviewee are shown in the film. Sometimes other crew as well. 

Coined by John Rouch

Chronicle of a Summer

 

Filmmaker engages with the subject. Louis Theroux, always on camera. 

 

Authenticity. Seeing equipment and crew make it more authentic. Like we are part of the crew. 

 

7 - 49 UP 

Documentary over time. 

Over 50 years. Every 7 years we see these people. Witnessing time. 

 

1 - 100

People of all these ages saying how old they are to the camera. 

 

Symmetry 

Split screen showing the opposites. 

 

Hell and back - 2011

5D camera 

 

Tarnation - Jonathan Courette - 2003

‘Your greatest creation is the life you lead’

Autobiographical. Very intimate. 

 

Hidden camera documentary?

-Big Brother

-Gogglebox

-Secret life of 4 year olds 

 

The thin blue line - Errol Morris

-Interviews

-Reconstruction

-Archive - adds authenticity 

 

Senna

-When is he going to die? This is all you think. 

Almost all archive footage. 

Once of the most famous people at the time, 1980’s. 

Narrative story 

 

Life in a day

-Footage by the world and all edited together. Symbolic. 

 

Content

-Private life - Personal footage - Tarnation

-Public life - Archive footage - Senna

-Global life - Life in a day

 

Elephant Days - James Caddik

Crew of 2

 

Small crews enable flexibility. Intimate environment. Can get more honest responses from the subject. 

 

Class Task

 

Crews of 4

Director 

Sound

Camera

Subject 

 

Interview one member of the crew about their childhood. 

 

Multi camera set up?

Framing?

Lighting?

Shots from Film

05/03/18 - Doc/Narrative 

 

Realism?

With editing you can create your own reality. 

 

Naturalistic

How did the maysle brothers achieve this?

-Filmmakers in film

-Observe - constant footage 

-Location - pre production, planning. They had to plan to be at the right place at the right time to capture the planning for the free concert, ect

-Subject/Performer - not pretending

-The edit

 

Types of docs 

-Verite/direct/truth

-Public service (PSA) Ads. Audio visual language of ads. Ads send a message. Drunk driving, aeroplane safety. 

-Nature docs - observational, history

-Mockumentary 

-Self reflexive 

-Experimental

 

Fiction                                                       Doc

   Camera

   Sound

   Locations

Constant action                                      Waiting

Scripted                                                  Unscripted

Actors - professional                             Non professional

     These can all merge together 

 

 

Punishment park - Peter Warkins - 1971

Mockumentary 

Handheld camera

Interviews 

 

Never something not going on. Some of the characters seemed fake. One dimensional. 

Watkins merges all the doc styles.

 

Close up - Abbas Kiarostami - 1990

Director is in the film

Characters play themselves in the reenactment. 

Kiaro sets up the meetings with the ‘fraud’ and his family 

Kiaro gets them reenact the story. How he fakes his identity. The trial however, is real. Kiaro is more interested in the psychological aspect and finding out more about the characters. He made it poetic and touching. 

 

He somehow manages to convince them to play themselves and re en act the story. 

 

Class Task

 

Surveillance

Death

Visitor 

Chase

Imposter 

 

Pick one of these words and make a film based on one of these, covering fiction and documentary.

Shots from film
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